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There Gaillardia it has a very interesting flower that strikes the eye of the beholder. It has bright colors and not everyone likes it but undoubtedly it does not go indifferent and is perfect when you want to animate a garden or a balcony. There are different types of Gaillardia, we will see some of them while also learning how to best cultivate them so that they bloom in an abundant and choreographic way.
Gaillardia pulchella it is not the name of a flower but it is the name of a genus to which at least a few dozen species of plants belong, they are all herbaceous perennial plants native to different countries of North America and in part even central America. They are not huge plants, they can vary in size, passing from one variety to another, but they are of average size, never exceeding in their totality the 30-50 cm in height.
Most of the Gaillardia it has very thin and evergreen leaves, some types show them ribbon-like of a green color that tends to yellow as far as it is clear. A feature common to almost all varieties is the tendency to form green and flowery expanses similar to very lush turf.
We have to wait until summer to evaluate the real potential of this kind of plants because in the summer and throughout the summer the Gaillardia produces long, thin, erect stems with flowers on top. These are solitary, "single" inflorescences, which have variable dimensions, generally in the shape of a daisy with the center always yellow or alternatively brown. As for the petals, there is more choice and they are found Gaillardia with i shades of yellow, red, orange but also brown or multicolored.
If we take the gaillardia pulchella, its flower shows a central part of a darker color and that goes to lighten towards the tip of the petals. It is not the only version of Gaillardia and, especially with hybrids and new entries, you can really find yourself in front of unique and very suggestive colors, including my favorite, total yellow. Faced with such a spectacle, the desire is that the flowering lasts as long as possible, believe me, and there are tricks to make that happen. For example, you can remove the withered flowers, making room for new flowers gradually in cycle. It works!
If we don't live in an area since too rigid climateor we can also try to cultivate the gaillardie as annual plants: the leaves are evergreen and, even without blooming, they remain throughout the year, returning to produce flowers towards late spring and throughout the summer.
These plants prefer to grow in a sunny spot even though they are able to withstand short periods of shade. In general, when we place them, in pots or in the garden, we take into account that it is good that they receive at least some hours of direct sunlight per day so that we can develop vigorously by flowering as we wish them to.
As for the temperatures, they do not like too cold ones but in our Peninsula where the Mediterranean climate reigns they are quite at ease. We can therefore also grow them outdoors by aiming for long carpet blooms, as we have seen that it is able to do. It shouldn't be necessary to create special shelters if we have the Gaillardia in the garden, if it is instead in a pot, we can put it in a sheltered place if necessary but it can remain outside.
While also enduring short periods of drought, the Gaillardia it should be watered every now and then and we try not to test it in this sense because it could give us a too timid flowering if left to dry too often. In any case, it is always a good practice to literally touch the ground with your hand to understand how much and when to water it.
It is important to know that stagnation is very dangerous for the health of this kind of plants, so if in doubt, let's wet it less, leaving the soil in which it "lives" dry even for a few days. The type of land, by the way, for the Gaillardia it is not a big problem, it adapts to everyone, the important thing is that it is a well-drained soil that allows the flow of water and does not let it form water stagnation, very dangerous, as we have just seen.
For those interested in the multiplication of the Gaillardia, we can say that its reproduction occurs by seed, in spring, usually.The strict rules that follow the classic varieties do not apply to hybrid species that can give us fantastic surprises by producing flowers different from those of the plant that generated them.
Also for reproduction, it is good to know that in autumn the tufts can be divided, being careful to leave some well-developed roots for each portion practiced: it is a way to multiply the Gaillardia and its colorful presence.
We always try to keep these plants in a place that is ventilated, otherwise they can be easily affected by powdery mildew. In any case, if in doubt, it is possible to protect them by preventing the problem. If you want to know more about the OIDIUM I suggest you read the dedicated article.
This variety of Gaillardia it is native to North America and produces a perennial flower which is now also present in Québec as in California, Arizona, Illinois and Connecticut. Someone also brought it to Europe and we even find it in Australia and South America. It grows in different environments without particular problems if it does not exceed 2000 meters, with a preference for coastal dunes.
Aesthetically it looks like a mix between daisy and sunflower, it blooms from June to September usually in yellow, sometimes as an alternative it also offers purple and red, without ever exceeding half a meter in height. The Indian tribes until recently used the Gaillardia aristata to treat wounds and fever, today it is intended as a purely ornamental plant and is in fact sold as a garden flower.
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