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How to grow daffodils: guide to the cultivation of narcissus in pots or in the garden. How to plant narcissus bulbs and care to devote to the plant. Winter or spring flowering daffodils.
Among the flower bulbs, the narcissus is undoubtedly one of the most popular.
Narcissus, meaning of the flower
Themeaningof this flower is not very "noble", as thenarcissus symbolizesself-love taken to the extreme. The meaning of the narcissus in the language of flowers lies in presumption, in selfishness to the point of embracing arrogance. For all information on themeaning of flowersI refer you to the in-depth page:language and meaning of flowers.
Winter or spring flowering narcissus
In fact, there are no early varieties that start blooming in winter. Simply, with some precautions we can induce the same bulbs tobloom in winter. If grown with the classic method, idaffodilsthey will bloom in spring.
How to grow potted daffodils
In this paragraph we will see howgrowing narcissus in potsso as to haveflowering daffodilseven at Christmas!
When to plant daffodils?
Thenarcissusit is a spring flowering bulb, so it should be planted in the garden in autumn. With thecultivation of the narcissusin pots we can "trick" the bulbs and get onewinter flowering. With pot cultivation, you canplant the narcissus in potsfrom October to January, even if canonically it should be planted in autumn.
How to plant narcissus in pots
First, make sure you have firm and undamaged bulbs. Choose a pot with dimensions of 20 cm in diameter and 30 cm in depth. Fill the pot with a mixture of soil and peat. In each pot (of the indicated size) you can plant 3 or 4 bulbs, leaving out the upper part of the bulb which will be covered with some mulch of sawdust or dry leaves.
Winter flowering narcissus
To anticipate theflowering of daffodils, momentarily move thejarin a dark and cool place. Ideally, you should keep the jar, for just under a month, in a place with a temperature between 2 and 8 ° C. You can also put the jar in the refrigerator but it must be away from fruit and vegetables which, by releasing ethylene, would damage the bulbs.
After almost a month of cold (so if you start between the end of October and the beginning of November, you will have flowering daffodils for Christmas! If you do it at the end of November, you will have flowering daffodils around January….) Bring the vase indoors! How to know when it's time to move idaffodils in the house? When the sprouts produced by the bulbs have reached a length of about 5 - 6 cm and you will see thin white roots sprouting from the drainage holes of the pot. At this point, you can place the pot in a bright area (exposure to light should be done gradually, so pass it first in a less bright place in the house and then take it to the brightest area of the house). The temperature should be between 15 and 18 ° C (no more!). Leave the narcissus in these conditions (medium intensity light and temperature between 15 and 18 ° C) for 7 - 10 days.
After this period of "adaptation", thepotted narcissusit can be moved indoors, near a window (very bright place) and with temperatures around 20 ° C (spring temperatures). In this way, thenarcissus will begin floweringin a few days.
This is a very useful strategy (and widely used in nurseries) to trigger, in an early way, theflowering in daffodils!
Cultivation of the narcissus
If you don't care induce onewinter flowering, you can simply plant the bulb in a pot or in the garden (in autumn) and wait for the natural flowering that will occur spontaneously in spring. Pruneplanting daffodils in pots in autumn and leave the pot on the balcony until the natural appearance of the flowers in the following spring.
Grow narcissus in the garden
To prevent theblooms of daffodilscan go unnoticed, to get a nice effect you shouldplanting daffodils in the gardento onedistanceabout 2 cm from each other. In this way you will be able to obtain very rich flower beds. The same advice applies to growing narcissus in pots.
Narcisi, where to buy them
Daffodils are very common flowers, any nursery will be able to supply you with these bulbs. In recent years, double-flowered varieties have been selected. To take a look at the different varieties of narcissus, I invite you to visit "this Amazon page”Dedicated to narcissus bulbs.