Moonfish, where lives, size and features. Natural habitat, presence in the Mediterranean and lots of useful information on the giant sunfish.
Thesunfishalso known asgrinding wheel grinding wheel, from Latingrindstone, grindstone orgiant sunfish, is the largest among thebony fishliving. If you want to know another interesting animal, read the Vaquita
Moonfish, where it lives
Its natural habitat is represented by coastal waters. It also lives in tropical and temperate waters up to cold waters such as those of the Norwegian coasts. It can be seen in the Mediterranean and is widespread off the coasts of South Africa and Australia.
In England it is calledsunfishboth for its size and because during sunny days it tends to rise to the surface. When it rises to the surface, the sunfish can spend a long time waiting to host, on its body, birds that, in search of small organisms, alight on the sunfish to feast. The mola fish it is often covered with aquatic parasites and for this it uses birds or other small fish to clean up!
Sunfish in the Mediterranean
InMediterraneanthesunfishit has been present since ancient times. Thesunfishit was, in the past, an object of fishing (its meat is edible). It was in the late nineties that its fishing was banned by the European Community and this ban allowed the sunfish to gradually multiply.
In Italy it has often been spotted off the Ligurian coast where it has intensified its presence since 2014. What brought the sunfish to Portofino and other Ligurian waters? The jellyfish. The sunfish is the largest predator of jellyfish and, the increase in water temperatures has seen a sharp increase in jellyfish which in turn attracted the sunfish under the coast!
There is nogiant sunfishand a mini sunfish! Simply, the dimensions of the specimens that live in the ocean are higher. In the ocean, the giant sunfish reaches three meters in length and exceeds four meters in height with over two tons of weight. The sunfish found in the Mediterranean are smaller.
Is the sunfish dangerous for humans?
Due to its shapes, the sunfish may seem the overweight cousin of the puffer fish, it does not swim with hydrodynamic body movement like other fish but swims by movement of the fins. His name isgrinding wheel grinding wheel, the name refers to its almost circular shape. Let's talk about a bone fish belonging to the order oftetraodontiforms, the same order as thepuffer fish.
The family is that of the Molidae and, in Europe, in addition to fishing, its sale is also prohibited.
The dorsal fin, when the fish swims on the surface, can be confused by non-experts with that of a shark, who is more attentive note that the fin of the Mola Mola has a different shape and size from that of the shark.
Thesunfishnon-aggressive, it is not poisonous and it is not dangerous for man. This fish only bites if heavily harassed otherwise it has a very quiet and passive nature.
Smaller but more dangerous, is the scorpion fish, which for some time has been widespread in the waters of the Mediterranean, especially in Southern Italy.
It is assumed that the ancestors of thesunfishthey first appeared on earth in the Ecocene, approximately between 56 and 34 million years ago.
Even if in Italy the focus is onsunfish, there are other species ofgrindstonewith equally interesting shapes and characteristics. In addition to the sunfish (mola mola), we also report:
- Mola ramsayi
- Mola ramsayi
- Grinding wheel tecta
- Masturus lanceolatus (sharptail mola)
- Ranzania laevis (slender mola)
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